Theoretical orientations are the ways in which therapists conceptualize their clients (e.g., view their concerns) and develop their treatment plans accordingly (e.g., define the goals of treatment and how clients will achieve those goals). Johanna believes every client is unique and deserves an individualized approach to treatment based upon his/her strengths, preferences, background, culture, spirituality, etc, so Johanna accordingly utilizes different theoretical orientations contingent upon her clients' needs. Johanna has extensive training in each of the approaches outlined below:
Acceptance & Commitment Therapy
Defining your values and committing to acting in accordance with those values to live a life of choice and freedom. Being accepting and mindful of your present-moment experiences, instead of judging or avoiding them. Learning that thoughts are just thoughts, not reality that must dictate our actions. Learning how to live in the here-and-now. Experiencing life mindfully and fully.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
Learning your cognitive biases and where they stem from, such as childhood. Learning how these cognitive biases negatively impact your emotions and behaviors. Learning how to challenge your negative self-thoughts and break the vicious cycle of our thoughts controlling our emotions and our behaviors. Transforming our ways of thinking, feeling, and behaving.
Using Christian scripture and religious beliefs to conceptualize client's concerns and treatment. Using Christian principles to address family, marital, and individual (e.g., eating disorders, addiction, anxiety, depression, grief, anger, etc) difficulties. Learning what the Christian religion teaches with regard to these concerns. This may involve anything from discussing Biblical passages about what God wants for your life and how to trust in him and lean not on your own understanding, to discussing Christian values, such as defining what is right or wrong about a particular situation and how the Christian concept of sin plays a role in relationships and human behavior. It may also involve helping clients whose religious pasts might have created a sense of self-condemnation that impedes their abilities to address current concerns.
Using your relationship with your therapist to uncover patterns of behavior that may reveal themselves in session. These patterns of behavior are often seen across contexts because common situations may trigger them, so the therapist has the unique ability to point them out in session, and help you process the emotions behind the behaviors so that you will be aware of them and learn how to change them in future situations. Involves being present in the here-and-now and being open to transforming these behaviors in order to enhance your relationships and life.
Working through past, unresolved pain and trauma that often originates in childhood. Uncovering deep-seated pain and learning how to make sense of your painful past. Using the past to help uncover how you feel in the present. Working to let go of the pain from your past, which will change how you live in the future.
Family Systems Therapy
Looking at the issue at hand as an issue that stems from the family, whether it be due to difficulties with communication, the family dynamics, boundaries, roles, responsibilities, patterns of interaction, etc. Working with the entire family or an individual in the family with this framework in mind. Facilitating positive changes within the systems of the family, such as facilitating communication, patterns of interaction, and healthy boundaries. Transforming the family system as a whole, which will help the entire family as well as every member of the family.